Between 1946 and 1999, the United States concluded nearly 16,000 international agreements. Only 912 of these agreements were treaties subject to Senate approval in accordance with Article II of the Constitution. Since Franklin Roosevelt`s presidency, only 6% of international agreements have been concluded in the form of Article II treaties.  Most of these executive agreements consist of executive agreements of Congress. The Senate approved the ratification of one of the most controversial treaties in U.S. history during the Washington administration. At the insistence of the federalist senators, the President sent Supreme Justice John Jay to London to settle open disputes with Britain. Washington did not consult with the entire Senate before seeking its opinion and approval of the treaty, known as "Jay." Opponents of the treaty, particularly Jeffersonian Republicans, supported New York Senator Aaron Burr to reopen negotiations after a series of specific proposals, but federal senators proposed the plan, ensuring approval of Jay`s controversial treaty on June 24, 1795. , but finally funds the House of Representatives on April 30, 1796, with a short lead. It was a decisive victory for the unique and decisive role of the Senate in contracting. The executive agreement achieved its modern development as an instrument of foreign policy under President Franklin D. Roosevelt and sometimes threatened to replace contractual power, not formally, but in fact, as a determining element in the field of foreign policy.
The first significant use of the executive agreement by the President took the form of an exchange of notes on 16 November 1933 with Maxim M. Litvinov, the foreign commissioner of the USSR, american recognition being extended to the Soviet Union and certain commitments were made by each official.1 An executive agreement is an agreement between the heads of government of two or more nations that has not been ratified by the legislature. as the treaties are ratified. Executive agreements are considered politically binding to distinguish them from legally binding contracts. 447 Such agreements, in the form of treaties providing for the reciprocal reduction of Congressional obligations, have often been concluded, but from the Customs Act of 1890,449, Congress began to introduce provisions authorizing the executive branch to negotiate reciprocity without the need to negotiate reciprocity, beginning with the Customs Act of 1890.449. to take further legislative action.